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HW-RouteSim  

2011-08-28 23:51:54|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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HW-RouteSim 路由模拟软件是一款不错的模拟配置路由的小软件,但功能强大!
内置实验参考、理论学习及命令参考等超级实用功能。

虽然该软件大小只有2M左右,内置的交换机和路由器类型也比较单一,但对于初学者来讲绝对足够用了.

华为的命令与思科的命令类似.完全不同于烽火的命令.(说实话烽火的命令真是…无语)

这软件不需要注册就可以使用的..

来看一下,能够添加很多设备的哦.

添加设备之后,双击就能进入命令行界面了.

在实验参考里面,我们还可以照着说明自己来试着配置数据.

理论学习里面的东西比较有用,有点网络基础的才能看得懂哦~~~

有这个多自己练练,一些命令自然就熟了.

最后附上一些常用的命令:

计算机命令
~~~~~~~~~~
PCA login: root                                                 ;使用root用户
password: linux                                                ;口令是linux
# shutdown -h now                                               ;关机
# init 0                                                        ;关机
# logout                                                        ;用户注销
# login                                                         ;用户登录
# ifconfig                                                      ;显示IP地址
# ifconfig eth0 <ip address> netmask <netmask>                  ;设置IP地址
# ifconfig eht0 <ip address> netmask <netmask> down             ;禁用IP地址
# route add 0.0.0.0 gw <ip>                                     ;设置网关
# route del 0.0.0.0 gw <ip>                                     ;删除网关
# route add default gw <ip>                                     ;设置网关
# route del default gw <ip>                                     ;删除网关
# route                                                         ;显示网关
# ping <ip>                                                     ;发ECHO包
# telnet <ip>                                                   ;远程登录

----------------------------------------
交换机命令
~~~~~~~~~~
[Quidway]dis cur                                  ;显示当前配置
[Quidway]display current-configuration            ;显示当前配置
[Quidway]display interfaces                       ;显示接口信息
[Quidway]display vlan all                         ;显示路由信息
[Quidway]display version                          ;显示版本信息

[Quidway]super password                                          ;修改特权用户密码
[Quidway]sysname                                          ;交换机命名
[Quidway]interface ethernet 0/1                                  ;进入接口视图
[Quidway]interface vlan x                                  ;进入接口视图
[Quidway-Vlan-interfacex]ip address 10.65.1.1 255.255.0.0     ;配置VLAN的IP地址

[Quidway]ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.65.1.2            ;静态路由=网关
[Quidway]rip                                                  ;三层交换支持
[Quidway]local-user ftp

[Quidway]user-interface vty 0 4                               ;进入虚拟终端
[S3026-ui-vty0-4]authentication-mode password                 ;设置口令模式
[S3026-ui-vty0-4]set authentication-mode password simple 222  ;设置口令
[S3026-ui-vty0-4]user privilege level 3                       ;用户级别

[Quidway]interface ethernet 0/1                                  ;进入端口模式
[Quidway]int e0/1                                             ;进入端口模式
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]duplex {half|full|auto}                  ;配置端口工作状态
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]speed {10|100|auto}                     ;配置端口工作速率
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]flow-control                           ;配置端口流控
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]mdi {across|auto|normal}                 ;配置端口平接扭接
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]port link-type {trunk|access|hybrid}     ;设置端口工作模式
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]port access vlan 3                ;当前端口加入到VLAN
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]port trunk permit vlan {ID|All}      ;设trunk允许的VLAN
[Quidway-Ethernet0/3]port trunk pvid vlan 3        ;设置trunk端口的PVID
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]undo shutdown                          ;激活端口
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]shutdown                                  ;关闭端口
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]quit                                  ;返回

[Quidway]vlan 3                                      ;创建VLAN
[Quidway-vlan3]port ethernet 0/1    ;在VLAN中增加端口
[Quidway-vlan3]port e0/1                            ;简写方式
[Quidway-vlan3]port ethernet 0/1 to ethernet 0/4    ;在VLAN中增加端口
[Quidway-vlan3]port e0/1 to e0/4                    ;简写方式

[Quidway]monitor-port <interface_type interface_num>        ;指定镜像端口
[Quidway]port mirror <interface_type interface_num>       ;指定被镜像端口
[Quidway]port mirror int_list observing-port int_type int_num ;指定镜像和被镜像

[Quidway]description string                         ;指定VLAN描述字符
[Quidway]description                           ;删除VLAN描述字符
[Quidway]display vlan [vlan_id]                               ;查看VLAN设置

[Quidway]stp {enable|disable}                                 ;设置生成树,默认关闭
[Quidway]stp priority 4096                          ;设置交换机的优先级
[Quidway]stp root {primary|secondary}               ;设置为根或根的备份
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]stp cost 200                   ;设置交换机端口的花费

[Quidway]link-aggregation e0/1 to e0/4 ingress|both           ; 端口的聚合
[Quidway]undo link-aggregation e0/1|all                       ;  始端口为通道号

[SwitchA-vlanx]isolate-user-vlan enable             ;设置主vlan
[SwitchA]isolate-user-vlan <x> secondary <list>     ;设置主vlan包括的子vlan
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]port hybrid pvid vlan <id>     ;设置vlan的pvid
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]port hybrid pvid               ;删除vlan的pvid
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]port hybrid vlan vlan_id_list untagged ;设置无标识的vlan
如果包的vlan id与PVId一致,则去掉vlan信息. 默认PVID=1。
所以设置PVID为所属vlan id, 设置可以互通的vlan为untagged.
----------------------------------------

路由器命令
~~~~~~~~~~
[Quidway]display version                          ;显示版本信息
[Quidway]display current-configuration            ;显示当前配置
[Quidway]display interfaces                       ;显示接口信息
[Quidway]display ip route                         ;显示路由信息

[Quidway]sysname aabbcc                           ;更改主机名
[Quidway]super passwrod 123456                    ;设置口令
[Quidway]interface serial0                        ;进入接口
[Quidway-serial0]ip address <ip> <mask|mask_len>  ;配置端口IP地址
[Quidway-serial0]undo shutdown                    ;激活端口
[Quidway]link-protocol hdlc                       ;绑定hdlc协议
[Quidway]user-interface vty 0 4
[Quidway-ui-vty0-4]authentication-mode password
[Quidway-ui-vty0-4]set authentication-mode password simple 222
[Quidway-ui-vty0-4]user privilege level 3
[Quidway-ui-vty0-4]quit

[Quidway]debugging hdlc all serial0               ;显示所有信息
[Quidway]debugging hdlc event serial0             ;调试事件信息
[Quidway]debugging hdlc packet serial0            ;显示包的信息

静态路由:
[Quidway]ip route-static <ip><mask>{interface number|nexthop}[value][reject|blackhole]
例如:
[Quidway]ip route-static 129.1.0.0 16 10.0.0.2
[Quidway]ip route-static 129.1.0.0 255.255.0.0 10.0.0.2
[Quidway]ip route-static 129.1.0.0 16 Serial 2
[Quidway]ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0  10.0.0.2

动态路由:
[Quidway]rip                                                  ;设置动态路由
[Quidway]rip work                                             ;设置工作允许
[Quidway]rip input                                            ;设置入口允许
[Quidway]rip output                                           ;设置出口允许
[Quidway-rip]network 1.0.0.0                       ;设置交换路由网络
[Quidway-rip]network all                                      ;设置与所有网络交换
[Quidway-rip]peer ip-address                                  ;
[Quidway-rip]summary                                          ;路由聚合
[Quidway]rip version 1                                        ;设置工作在版本1
[Quidway]rip version 2 multicast                              ;设版本2,多播方式
[Quidway-Ethernet0]rip split-horizon                          ;水平分隔

[Quidway]router id A.B.C.D                                    ;配置路由器的ID
[Quidway]ospf enable                                          ;启动OSPF协议
[Quidway-ospf]import-route direct                             ;引入直联路由
[Quidway-Serial0]ospf enable area <area_id>                   ;配置OSPF区域

标准访问列表命令格式如下:
acl <acl-number> [match-order config|auto]                    ;默认前者顺序匹配。
rule [normal|special]{permit|deny} [source source-addr source-wildcard|any]
例:
[Quidway]acl 10
[Quidway-acl-10]rule normal permit source 10.0.0.0 0.0.0.255
[Quidway-acl-10]rule normal deny source any

扩展访问控制列表配置命令
配置TCP/UDP协议的扩展访问列表:
rule {normal|special}{permit|deny}{tcp|udp}source {<ip wild>|any}destination <ip wild>|any}
[operate]

配置ICMP协议的扩展访问列表:
rule {normal|special}{permit|deny}icmp source {<ip wild>|any]destination {<ip wild>|any]
[icmp-code] [logging]

扩展访问控制列表操作符的含义
equal portnumber                                           ;等于
greater-than portnumber                                        ;大于
less-than portnumber                                           ;小于
not-equal portnumber                                           ;不等
range portnumber1 portnumber2                                  ;区间

扩展访问控制列表举例
[Quidway]acl 101
[Quidway-acl-101]rule deny souce any destination any
[Quidway-acl-101]rule permit icmp source any destination any icmp-type echo
[Quidway-acl-101]rule permit icmp source any destination any icmp-type echo-reply

[Quidway]acl 102
[Quidway-acl-102]rule permit ip source 10.0.0.1 0.0.0.0 destination 202.0.0.1 0.0.0.0
[Quidway-acl-102]rule deny ip source any destination any

[Quidway]acl 103
[Quidway-acl-103]rule permit tcp source any destination 10.0.0.1 0.0.0.0 destination-port equal ftp
[Quidway-acl-103]rule permit tcp source any destination 10.0.0.2 0.0.0.0 destination-port equal www


[Quidway]firewall enable
[Quidway]firewall default permit|deny
[Quidway]int e0
[Quidway-Ethernet0]firewall packet-filter 101 inbound|outbound


地址转换配置举例
[Quidway]firewall enable
[Quidway]firewall default permit
[Quidway]acl 101                             ;内部指定主机可以进入e0
[Quidway-acl-101]rule deny ip source any destination any
[Quidway-acl-101]rule permit ip source 129.38.1.1 0 destination any
[Quidway-acl-101]rule permit ip source 129.38.1.2 0 destination any
[Quidway-acl-101]rule permit ip source 129.38.1.3 0 destination any
[Quidway-acl-101]rule permit ip source 129.38.1.4 0 destination any
[Quidway-acl-101]quit
[Quidway]int e0
[Quidway-Ethernet0]firewall packet-filter 101 inbound

[Quidway]acl 102                             ;外部特定主机和大于1024端口的数据包允许进入S0
[Quidway-acl-102]rule deny ip source any destination any
[Quidway-acl-102]rule permit tcp source 202.39.2.3 0 destination 202.38.160.1 0
[Quidway-acl-102]rule permit tcp source any destination 202.38.160.1 0 destination-port great-than
1024
[Quidway-acl-102]quit
[Quidway]int s0
[Quidway-Serial0]firewall packet-filter 102 inbound      ;设202.38.160.1是路由器出口IP。

[Quidway-Serial0]nat outbound 101 interface   ;是Easy ip,将acl 101允许的IP从本接口出时变换源地址。

内部服务器地址转换配置命令(静态nat):
nat server global <ip> [port] inside <ip> port [protocol]       ;global_port不写时使用inside_port
[Quidway-Serial0]nat server global 202.38.160.1 inside 129.38.1.1 ftp tcp
[Quidway-Serial0]nat server global 202.38.160.1 inside 129.38.1.2 telnet tcp
[Quidway-Serial0]nat server global 202.38.160.1 inside 129.38.1.3 www tcp


设有公网IP:202.38.160.101~202.38.160.103 可以使用。             ;对外访问(原例题)
[Quidway]nat address-group 202.38.160.101 202.38.160.103 pool1   ;建立地址池
[Quidway]acl 1
[Quidway-acl-1]rule permit source 10.110.10.0 0.0.0.255          ;指定允许的内部网络
[Quidway-acl-1]rule deny source any
[Quidway-acl-1]int serial 0
[Quidway-Serial0]nat outbound 1 address-group pool1              ;在s0口从地址池取出IP对外访问

[Quidway-Serial0]nat server global 202.38.160.101 inside 10.110.10.1 ftp tcp
[Quidway-Serial0]nat server global 202.38.160.102 inside 10.110.10.2 www tcp
[Quidway-Serial0]nat server global 202.38.160.102 8080 inside 10.110.10.3 www tcp
[Quidway-Serial0]nat server global 202.38.160.103 inside 10.110.10.4 smtp udp

PPP设置:
[Quidway-s0]link-protocol ppp                                  ;默认的协议

PPP验证:
主验方:pap|chap
[Quidway]local-user q2 password {simple|cipher} hello          ;路由器1
[Quidway]interface serial 0
[Quidway-serial0]ppp authentication-mode {pap|chap}
[Quidway-serial0]ppp chap user q1                              ;pap时,没有此句

pap被验方:
[Quidway]interface serial 0                                    ;路由器2
[Quidway-serial0]ppp pap local-user q2 password {simple|cipher} hello

chap被验方:
[Quidway]interface serial 0                                    ;路由器2
[Quidway-serial0]ppp chap user q2                              ;自己路由器名
[Quidway-serial0]local-user q1 password {simple|cipher} hello  ;对方路由器名

帧中继frame-relay    (二分册6-61)
[q1]fr switching
[q1]int s1
[q1-Serial1]ip address 192.168.34.51 255.255.255.0
[q1-Serial1]link-protocol fr                                   ;封装帧中继协议
[q1-Serial1]fr interface-type dce
[q1-Serial1]fr dlci 100
[q1-Serial1]fr inarp
[q1-Serial1]fr map ip 192.168.34.52 dlci 100

[q2]int s1
[q2-Serial1]ip address 192.168.34.52 255.255.255.0
[q2-Serial1]link-protocol fr
[q2-Serial1]fr interface-type dte
[q2-Serial1]fr dlci 100
[q2-Serial1]fr inarp
[q2-Serial1]fr map ip 192.168.34.51 dlci 100

帧中继监测
[q1]display fr lmi-info[]interface type number]
[q1]display fr map
[q1]display fr pvc-info[serial interface-number][dlci dlci-number]
[q1]display fr dlci-switch
[q1]display fr interface
[q1]reset fr inarp-info
[q1]debugging fr all[interface type number]
[q1]debugging fr arp[interface type number]
[q1]debugging fr event[interface type number]
[q1]debugging fr lmi[interface type number]


启动ftp服务:
[Quidway]local-user ftp password {simple|cipher} aaa service-type ftp
[Quidway]ftp server enable

----------------------------------------

HW-RouteSim下载地址: 点我下载  (备用下载地址)

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